committed application statutory awarded rather than statute
Punitive damages are a settled principle of common law in the United States. They are a matter of state law, and thus differ in（1）from state to state. In many states, including California and Texas, punitive damages are determined based on（2）; elsewhere, they may be determined solely based on case law. Many state statutes are the result of insurance industry lobbying to impose “caps” on punitive damages; however, several state courts have struck down these （3）caps as unconstitutional. The general rule is that punitive damages cannot be（4） for breach of contract. But if an independent tort is （5）in a contractual setting, punitive damages can be awarded for the tort. Punitive damages are usually reserved for when the defendant has displayed actual intent to cause harm (such as purposefully rear-ending someone else’s car), （6）in cases of mere negligence.
（5） 第二十三条 公民有下列情形之一的，利害关系人可以向人民法院申请宣告他死亡：
（1） This Convention is open for accession by all States that are not signatory States as from the date it is open for signature.
（2） Within 10 days after the effective date of this contract, the Owner shall pay the Contractor as full and complete compensation for accomplishing the Works and assuming all obligations under this contract the contract price in the amount of 10,000 yuan.
（3） Where the seller sells the subject matter which has been delivered to a carrier for transportation and is in transit, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the risk of damage or loss is borne by the buyer as from the time of formation of the contract.
（4） The adoption of uniform rules to modernize and harmonize the rules that govern the international carriage of goods involving a sea leg would enhance legal certainty, improve efficiency and commercial predictability in the international carriage of goods and reduce legal obstacles to the flow of international trade among all States.
（5） If a Party (the “Assigning Party”) proposes to transfer all or any part of its interest in the registered capital of the Company to a third party, the other Party shall have a pre-emptive right to purchase such interest at the price offered to the third party.